How can stress make you sick? – Vigorous Herbs
Stress is a normal physiological reaction that occurs when there is pressure or aggression in our environment. Every one of us is presented to pressure, yet we don’t all respond similarly. In some of the most vulnerable, stress generates chronic anxiety and is at the origin of certain diseases such as melancholy, wear out, liquor abuse, yet in addition cardiovascular illnesses.
Acute stress and chronic stress
Acute stress is the stress that arises from a trigger such as waiting for a decision or the prospect of having to give a public speech. It is short-lived and can even have a positive effect on the body by boosting performance.
However, sometimes the stressful situation lasts much longer when the stressful episodes are very frequent or the person does not respond adequately to the stress.
The body then enters a phase of exhaustion: the hormones produced to counter stress are permanently produced, which is very expensive in energy. One of these hormones, cortisol, would then block the assembly of neurons in the hippocampus, potentially leading to depression.
An increased risk for cardiovascular diseases
Ultimately, chronic stress would promote the appearance of many diseases and worsen the course.
A study published in 2004, which has since become a benchmark, showed the significant impact of chronic stress on cardiovascular health, notably by influencing hypertension.
This would multiply by 2.5 the risk of contracting a myocardial infarction 2!
Cardiac risks modulated by different psychological profiles?
The interest in the psychological profiles associated with cardiovascular risk constitutes
a complementary approach to the identification of stress factors.
Overall, this approach suggests that an imbalance between an individual’s characteristics and the demands of his
the environment is at the origin of the occurrence of stress. This imbalance would even be more important than the nature of the stressors. The researchers, therefore, described behavioral profiles likely to be more prone to the risk of these imbalances.
Friedman and Rosenman 3 first described a type A behavioral profile characterized by the desire for performance and the expanding achievement of things in an always more limited time. Several studies have demonstrated excess coronary heart disease and an increased risk of myocardial infarction in type A 4-5-6 individuals.
Nevertheless, its prognostic relevance has gradually been questioned 7 and other personality characteristics, such as the propensity to hostility, have taken over in more recent work. This is how researchers gave rise to the type D 10 profile characterized by negative affectivity (propensity to experience anxiety, discouragement, or irritation) and inhibition in social relationships.
Thus, this profile was able to predict cardiovascular mortality and vulnerability to myocardial infarction more reliably than the isolated existence of each of its components in some studies 8-9.
In addition, in addition to cardiovascular disease, chronic stress could lead to many ailments
such as certain skin infections, type 2 diabetes, and cancer 11.
10 consequences of stress (and 5 tips to relax)
There are many consequences of stress, and the causes are also multiple. A busy job, a busy schedule or financial problems are just some of the causes of stress that we can experience on a daily basis. And if this feeling seems rather banal to us, it is nevertheless dangerous for health.
Indeed, there are two types of stress : acute and chronic. The first is that of which we feel the immediate effects, when our body puts itself in a combat situation to counter a threat: increased heart rate, more jerky breathing, profuse sweating, nausea, muscle stiffness.
The stress level will then depend on its intensity, but it will disappear once the danger is removed, allowing the body to return to normal.
But when these anxiety-provoking situations take hold in our daily lives, our body continually lives in a mode of defense. The consequences of stress can then be disastrous.
And the reason is simple: when our nervous system feels in danger, our brain is stimulated. It then produces adrenaline, while at the same time soliciting our adrenal glands. To manage stress, these will also produce adrenaline, as well as a hormone called cortisol, which is harmful to many of our organs.
Here are 10 negative consequences of stress on our body.
Under stress, our heart beats faster, and our vital sign increases to activate our blood circulation, which can then supply our muscles with oxygen to offer them energy.
The blood vessels are reduced, and therefore the arteries, hardened. Also, to keep off a possible injury, the blood will thicken, which may cause heart condition and stroke as a result of stress.
2. Skin problems
The consequences of stress also affect our superficial blood vessels, since it will like better to direct blood to the muscles instead of to the skin. Our skin will then be less well-nourished and can tend to redden, or on the contrary to show pale, also on age prematurely.
Skin diseases and inflammation can therefore result from the results of stress, like psoriasis or hives. Acne, on the opposite hand, is going to be caused by more than sebum thanks to an outsized production of cortisol.
3. Hair problems
Just like the skin, the blood flow doesn’t feed our hair also in times of stress. the expansion of our hair is bogged down, which may even cause it to fall out.
The more sensitive scalp is additionally affected. It can itch, be painful, or maybe flaky and cause the looks of dandruff as a result of stress.
4. A weakened system
In normal times, our body has the required resources to counter the viruses and attacks that threaten us on a day today. Except in fact if he’s too busy fighting an instantaneous threat, a message conveyed by the results of stress.
We are therefore more susceptible to new infections, additionally to awakening existing ones, while worsening their symptoms and disturbing their healing. What’s more, a little-known fact, a weakened system could even cause new allergies to seem.
5. Digestive problems
We observe an equivalent process in our gastrointestinal system when faced with the results of stress. Too busy with countering the danger transmitted by stress, it slows down and disrupts intestinal activity, and not properly assimilates food.
The result: bloating, heartburn, acid reflux, peptic ulceration, irritable bowel syndrome, and, of course, constipation, diarrhea, and indigestion. In short, it’s not for nothing that stress hurts your stomach!
6. Weight gain
It’s not always easy to take care of a healthy weight once you are handling the results of stress, including once you have a busy pace of life. For lack of your time, or of interest, we then tend to swallow the contents of our plate in one gulp or to ignore healthy meals.
But another major contributor is closely linked to the overweight observed in many of us who are continuously stressed: the famous cortisol. This stress hormone sends a hunger signal to our brain since our body usually needs food to get over an “attack”. Except that these comfort foods aren’t always the foremost balanced.
7. Sleep problems
As we know, stress and sleep don’t mix. within the evening, we frequently ruminate on our day and negatively anticipate that of the subsequent day. and that is to not mention that, tired, we cope less well with anxiety, which can then calm down a touch.
But the psychological aspect isn’t the sole one liable for sleep disorders. Physiologically, our sympathetic systema nervosum also gives us a tough time; he refuses to place himself on standby so as to be ready to face the danger that awaits us.
The hippocampus plays an important role within the memorization process. So when cortisol rushes to destroy nerve cells during this area of our brain, all of our cognitive functions are affected as a result of stress.
This explains why our focus and lack of judgment also fail us once we are on the verge of a breakdown.
9. Lack of libido
Let’s face it: after a troublesome day, we do not feel the foremost attractive. So when stress gets involved and hits our precious hypothalamus, another part of the brain, our production of sex hormones is additionally bogged down.
A consequence of this stress: the parts of legs within the air are relegated to the background.
10. The genital system
In women, stress can greatly influence the symptoms of menstruation, making it irregular or painful, also as during menopause, by increasing hot flashes, for instance.
Men see the results of this stress through erection problems and even see their production of sperm decrease.
5 tips for handling the results of stress
If stress is difficult to eliminate on a day to day, we will however learn to regulate it.
We already know that, but regular sleep, eating a diet, and participating in sports are the foundations of a healthy life.
Here are 5 other tips that could help us when the consequences of stress take hold.
1. Do an express yoga or meditation session
We isolate ourselves for fifteen minutes, and we breathe. We focus on our respiratory movements, without trying to modify them, and we remain attentive to our bodily sensations and our emotions. The goal? Refocus on what is most important: us.
2. Relax our muscles
Head to toe, one at a time. Starting with the toes, contract each muscle as much as possible before releasing it, gradually ascending to those of the face.
3. Take a walk
And no need to go for miles! Ten minutes is enough to clear our heads and divert our minds from our little irritants.
4. Listen to music
It’s proven, music softens morals … and therefore the consequences of stress. Classic, it might even lower vital signs and pulse. But the most thing is in fact to concentrate on our favorite songs since they’re going to activate the famous hormones liable for well-being.
Our imaginations can also help us relax in the face of the consequences of stress. Seated comfortably, we visualize a scene that makes us feel good: a place filled with happy memories, a loved one, our next vacation, etc. Read More